CFD Risk Warning
Trade Online Group is the Trading name of BYGO Limited which is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority No 711715. Registered in England and Wales number 09196199 at 117 Locket Road Harrow London, HA3 7NY. It is Trade Online Group policy that all CFD advisory clients, should be provided with the following two-way risk warning notice:
You should not deal in CFDs unless you understand their nature and the extent of your exposure to risk. You should also be satisfied that the product is suitable for you in the light of your circumstances and financial position. Although CFDs can be utilised for the management of investment risk, it may not be suitable for some investors. In deciding whether to trade in CFDs, you should be aware of the following points:
CFDs can only be settled in cash. Investing in a CFD carries the same risks as investing in a future or an option or other derivative product. Transactions in CFDs may also have a contingent liability and you should be aware of the implications of this as set out below.
Contingent liability investment transactions, which are margined, require you to make a series of payments against the purchase price, instead of paying the whole purchase price immediately. If you trade in contracts for differences, you may sustain a total loss of the margin you deposit with your firm to establish or maintain a position. If the market moves against you, you may be called upon to pay substantial additional margin at short notice to maintain the position. If you fail to do so within the time required, your position may be liquidated at a loss and you will be responsible for the resulting deficit. Even if a transaction is not margined, it may still carry an obligation to make further payments, in certain circumstances, over and above any amount paid when you entered the contract. Before you begin to trade, you should obtain details of all commissions and other charges for which you will be liable. If any charges are not expressed in money terms (but, for example, as a percentage of contract value), you should obtain a clear and written explanation, including appropriate examples, to establish what such charges are likely to mean in specific money terms. In the case of futures, when commission is charged as a percentage, it will normally be as a percentage of the total contract value, and not simply as a percentage of your initial payment.
Shares Risk Warning
1 This notice is provided to you in compliance with the rules of the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA). (You should be aware of your rights of access to the Financial Ombudsman Service and other benefits). Please remember that the price or value of investments can go down as well as up. You may not get back the amount invested. Past performance is not necessarily a guide for future performance.
2 Shares, Fixed Interest Bonds and Gilts and Collective Investments are all classified as
Non – Complex Products, however, like all investment products, carry a certain degree of risk.
(i) Shares – There is an extra risk when buying shares in smaller capitalised companies or unlisted shares (Penny Shares). There is a big difference between the buying price and the selling price of these shares. If they have to be sold immediately, you may get back much less than you paid for them. The price may change quickly and it may go down as well as up. Emerging Market Shares may be harder to sell than shares in more developed markets and these companies may not be regulated as strictly. Investing in shares in a specialist sector is considered to be a higher risk strategy as the sector concentration gives exposure to higher volatility.
(ii). Fixed Interest Bonds and Gilts – Government Bonds or bonds classified by recognised rating agencies as ‘AAA’ are generally considered to be a ‘safe’ investment, however sub investment or ‘junk’ bonds, which customarily offer higher interest payments, are issued by companies that are less financially secure and therefore the risk of default is substantially higher.
(iii). Collective Investments – These include Investment Trusts, Unit Trusts, Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) and Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs). When considering an investment into any of these products you should carefully read the key features document prior to making any decision and if necessary consult with a professional investment adviser. The value of an investment into a Collective Investment can fall as well as rise and you may not get back your original investment.
3 Futures, Options and Warrants are all classified as Complex Products. Prior to dealing in these products, you should be aware of the nature and level of risk involved and understand that although it is not uncommon for these products to be used for the management of investment risk some of these products are not suitable for all investors. If necessary seek professional independent advice.
(i) Futures – Transactions in futures involve the obligation to make, or to take, delivery of the underlying asset of the contract at a future date, or in some instances to settle the position withcash. They carry a high degree of risk. The ‘gearing’ or ‘leverage’ often obtainable in futurestrading means that a small deposit or down payment can lead to large losses as well as gains. It also means that a relatively small movement can lead to a proportionately much larger movement in the value of your investment, and this can work against you as well as for you. Futures transactions have a contingent liability, and you should be aware of the implications of this, in particular the margining requirements, which are set out below.
(ii) Options – There are many different types of options with different characteristics subject to the following conditions:
(a) Buying Options:- Buying options involves less risk than selling options because, if the price of the underlying asset moves against you, you can simply allow the option to lapse. The maximum loss is limited to the premium, plus any commission or other transaction charges. However, if you buy a call option on a futures contract and you later exercise the option, you will acquire the future. This will expose you to the risks described under ‘futures’ (i. above) and ‘contingent liability investment transactions’.
(b) Writing Options:- If you write an option, the risk involved is considerably greater than buying options. You may be liable for margin to maintain your position and a loss may be sustained well in excess of the premium received. By writing an option, you accept a legal obligation to purchase or sell the underlying asset if the option is exercised against you, however far the market price has moved away from the exercise price. If you already own the underlying asset, which you have contracted to sell, (when the options will be known as ‘covered call options’) the risk is reduced. If you do not own the underlying asset (‘uncovered call options’) the risk can be unlimited. Only experienced persons should contemplate writing uncovered options, and then only after securing full details of the applicable conditions and potential risk exposure.
(c) Traditional options:- Certain London Stock Exchange member firms under special exchange rules write a particular type of option called a ‘traditional option’. These may involve greater risk than other options. Two-way prices are not usually quoted and there is no exchange market on which to close out an open position or to effect an equal and opposite transaction to reverse an open position. It may be difficult to assess its value or for the seller of such an option to manage his exposure to risk. Certain option markets operate on a margined basis, under which buyers do not pay the full premium on their option at the time they purchase it. In this situation you may subsequently be called upon to pay margin on the option up to the level of your premium. If you fail to do so as required, your position may be closed or liquidated in the same way as a futures position.
(d) Warrants – A warrant is a time-limited right to subscribe for shares, debentures, loan stock or government securities and is exercisable against the original issuer of the underlying securities. A relatively small movement in the price of the underlying security results in a disproportionately large movement, unfavourable or favourable, in the price of the warrant. The prices of warrants can therefore be volatile. It is essential for anyone who is considering purchasing warrants to understand that the right to subscribe which a warrant confers is invariably limited in time with the consequence that if the investor fails to exercise this right within the predetermined time-scale then the investment becomes worthless. You should not buy a warrant unless you are prepared to sustain a total loss of your investment plus any commission or other transaction charges. Some other instruments are also called warrants but are actually options (for example a right to acquire securities which is exercisable against someone other than the original issuer of the securities,often called a ‘covered warrant)’.
4 Contingent Liability Investment Transactions – Contingent liability investment transactions, which are margined, require you to make a series of payments against the purchase price, instead of paying the whole purchase price immediately. If you trade in futures or sell options you may sustain a total loss of the margin you deposit with your firm to establish or maintain a position. If the market moves against you, you may be called upon to pay substantial additional margin at short notice to maintain the position. If you fail to do so within the time required, your position may be liquidated at a loss and you will be responsible for the resulting deficit. Even if a transaction is not margined, it may still carry an obligation to make further payments in certain circumstances over and above any amount paid when you entered the contract.
5 Foreign Markets – Foreign markets will involve different risks from the UK markets. In some cases the risks will be greater. On request, your firm must provide an explanation of the relevant risks and protections (if any) which will operate in any foreign markets, including the extent to which it will accept liability for any default of a foreign firm through whom it deals. The potential for profit or loss from transactions on foreign markets or in foreign denominated contracts will be affected by fluctuations in foreign exchange rates.
6 Non-Readily Realisable Investments – We may enter into transactions on your behalf in non readily realisable investments (investments in which the market is limited or could become limited). Non-readily realisable investments can be difficult to deal in and it can become difficult to determine what is a proper market price for them.
7 Suspensions Of Trading – Under certain trading conditions it may be difficult or impossible to liquidate a position. This may occur, for example, at times of rapid price movement if the price rises or falls in one trading session to such an extent that under the rules of the relevant exchange, trading is suspended or restricted. Placing a stop-loss order will not necessarily limit your losses to the intended amounts, because market conditions may make it impossible to execute such an order at the specific price.
8 Clearing House Protections – On many exchanges, the performance of a transaction by Guardian (or third party with whom he is dealing on your behalf) is ‘guaranteed’ by the exchange or clearing house. However, this guarantee is unlikely in most circumstances to cover you, the client, and may not protect you if Guardian or another party defaults on its duty to you.
9 Insolvency – In the event of Guardian’s insolvency or default, or that of any other brokers involved with your transaction, this may lead to positions being liquidated or closed out without your consent. In certain circumstances, you may not get back the actual assets, which you lodged as collateral and you may have to accept any available payments in cash. On request, your firm must provide an explanation of the extent to which it will accept liability for any insolvency of, or default by, other firms involved with your transactions.
10 PLUS/AIM – Alternative Investment Market (AIM) and PLUS Market shares,a higher degree of risk than blue chip investments and there is always the possibility of losing the capital sum invested. Investment should be restricted to the maximum one can afford to lose. These investments may not be suitable for everyone and if you have any doubt regarding suitability please contact your regular investment adviser. It is more difficult to buy and sell shares in small companies and it may not always be possible to deal. Market Makers operate with a wide spread between buying and selling prices for small companies and this spread and fluctuation in the share price may mean that you do not get back the full amount invested. AIM and PLUS markets are designed primarily for emerging or smaller companies. Both the AIM and Plus Market Rules are less demanding than those of the Official List of the London Stock Exchange. The past is not necessarily a guide to future performance.